Large breasts can cause pain, improper posture, rashes, breathing problems, skeletal deformities, and self-consciousness. Our surgeons perform reduction mammaplasty, often called breast reduction surgery, to provide their Calgary patients with relief from these symptoms and enhance their quality of life.
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Breast reduction surgery helps women with overly large breasts have smaller, lighter breasts that are in a healthier proportion to the rest of the body. This prcedure is not recommended for women who intend to breastfeed, since many of the milk ducts leading to the nipples are removed.
Breast reduction is a two- to four-hour, outpatient procedure performed while the patient is under general anesthesia. During the surgery, the surgeon creates an anchor-shaped incision that runs from the new location of the nipple down to and around the crease beneath the breast. The surgeon then removes excess glandular tissue, fat, and skin, relocates the nipple and areola, and reshapes the breast using skin from around the areola before closing the incisions with stitches. Liposuction may be needed to remove excess fat from the armpit area, and in cases when only fat needs to be removed from the breasts, liposuction alone is used for breast reduction.
For a few days after surgery the breasts are bound with an elastic bandage or a surgical bra and you may be given surgical drainage tubes for fluid removal.
A little pain is normal after breast reduction, whether it's mild discomfort, swelling during menstruation, a measure of numbness or sensitivity, or random, shooting pains that may last for a few months. Swelling, bruising, crusting and slight changes in breast size are also common. Most patients return to normal activity in about two weeks, although you should avoid heavy lifting for three to four and only gentle contact with the breasts should occur for six weeks.
Scars fade with time but will not disappear completely; although, they can usually be hidden with a bra, bathing suit, or low-cut top.
Nipple and areola reconstruction can be performed on patients who lack one or both nipples due to mastectomy (surgical removal of the breast), injury or a congenital defect. It is often the final step in breast reconstruction surgery, where the nipple is created after the breast mound has settled into place so that the new nipple matches the appearance and position of the natural one as closely as possible. Nipple reconstruction may be performed using one of several techniques, including tissue and cartilage flaps, skin grafts and tattooing.
Long or protruding nipples may be exaggerated following breast augmentation or prolonged breastfeeding. This can cause insecurity in wearing swimwear or thin clothing. The procedure to reduce the size or length of the nipples is relatively straight forward and has little to no down time. It can be performed with just a local anaesthetic and can be performed in an hour or less. The result is smaller, more delicate looking nipples that enhances the beauty of the breast.
Areola reduction can also be performed in conjunction with other breast surgeries. The surgeon will make an incision along the pigmented part of the areola, create size and shape and sew the nipple back in place, leaving a smaller more appropriate size that compliments the breast.